Established on October 25, 1915, the Belgian Croix de Guerre Medal honors personnel from any of the Allied military forces who carried out individual acts of heroism during World War I alone or as part of a unit; eligible acts must have been performed on Belgian soil. A second version for heroic feats performed during World War II was created in 1940.
The medal is bronze and in the shape of a Maltese cross with swords crossed behind it and a lion in the center; it is joined to the ribbon by a crown.The original ribbon is red with five thin gold vertical stripes. The later version of the ribbon is red with three thin green vertical stripes toward each edge.
The award was issued with difference decorations according to the recipient’s status: a bronze palm for army members, a bronze lion for units, or a gold lion for land forces.